Even if You Live in the City, You Can Create Your Own Hydroponic Vegetable Garden!
Basic hydroponics involves soilless farming, which you can do from the comfort of your own house or apartment. Now think about how much labor was saved! No need to till, plant or even fumigate, because now you grow vegetables independent of soil quality, you can grow vegetables year-round while saving 95% of water.
Experts say hydroponic plants grown on rooftops can reduce overall temperatures by 3-5 degrees, one hydroponic system at a time to combat the onslaught of global warming.
Hydroponics allows plants to grow using a soilless medium, which is nutrient-rich water, through a "plant board" through which all seeds are sown and rooted in coconut waste, also known as coconut waste, rather than soil .
When you grow your own food, you're basically saying no to the chemicals and pesticides found in fruits and vegetables today, and no amount of potassium permanganate solution can wash them off.
Here are some top tips to help you create a hydroponic vegetable garden.
1. Selection of basic hydroponics seeds
When you're trying to grow your own vegetable garden or in grow cabinets, you may be wondering what kind of seeds you want to plant? A good indicator is to pick disease-resistant varieties that are open-pollinated rather than genetically modified. Also choose seeds that have manageable plant size and don't mind growing in moisture-rich conditions.
The seeds are dried and hardened before they are ready to be planted. You can use trays to sow.
2. Selection of basic hydroponics medium
Instead of using soil to grow plants, basic hydroponics use a nutrient solution mixed with water to provide nutrients to the plants. You can make this solution at home depending on the type of salt each plant needs, which can be tedious and time-consuming, or you can simply order a safe-to-use nutrient solution online from a reliable platform.
Some herbs with shallow roots will grow in nutrient-rich solutions. But others require a medium like coconut kernel or foam.
3. Medium for basic hydroponics seed growth
You can now grow plants in a variety of soilless media, such as vermiculite, sand, coco or perlite, but coco is one of the more popular media because of its high water-holding capacity.
4. What vegetables are suitable for basic hydroponics?
You can try low-maintenance varieties like basil, sage, rosemary, curry leaves, lemongrass, peppers, spinach, and other vegetables that require relatively little sunlight.
Some herbs that grow well in a hydroponic system include oregano, basil, sage, rosemary, tarragon, peppermint, lemon balm, and more. Some vegetables that are suitable for hydroponic plant systems are lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, celery, etc.
Climate-wise, cauliflower, peas, cabbage, radishes and carrots, gourd balls, and fenugreek grow well in cooler temperatures. Okra, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, spinach, and cilantro can be grown all year round.
5. Basic hydroponics need full sun
Although your plants may not need soil in a fully automated hydroponic system because their nutrient needs are met by media and nutrient-infused water, it still needs sunlight and some varieties, especially flowering varieties like tomatoes.
According to experts, these plants should receive six hours of sunlight a day. If you don't have the option of getting your plants good sunlight outside, indoor lighting in a specific spectrum can also work.
6. Basic hydroponics need to check the pH of the water
Most herbal varieties work well at pH levels lower than tap water. An imbalance in the pH of the water in which plants grow can limit the ability of plants to absorb nutrients from it.
7. Basic hydroponics needs to check the temperature
15-27 degrees Celsius is the ideal temperature for plants to thrive. Always make sure your plants get similar temperatures around your hydroponic system. Keep in mind that artificial lighting can also increase the temperature of a room, as plants are susceptible to increases and decreases in temperature.