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Laws in VA: Is It Legal to Grow Cannabis in Virginia?

As the government embraces the evolving landscape of cannabis legislation, enthusiasts and cultivators are forging a new frontier for marijuana growing. Virginia's recent legalization for recreational use has unlocked the door to a burgeoning cannabis culture, turning backyards and indoor spaces into vibrant gardens.

In this article, we'll delve into the marijuana legislation and cultivation scene in Virginia and sharing essential tips for a successful harvest. Join us on a journey through the possibilities that Virginia presents for those eager to cultivate their own cannabis bounty.

Is Marijuana Legal in Virginia?

Virginia is the first southern state to embrace the legalization of recreational marijuana use. In August 2020, the first-ever medical marijuana dispensary opened its doors in Virginia, marking a significant milestone in the journey toward legalizing adult recreational use, which was achieved in July 2021.

However, it's essential to note that public possession of weed is strictly forbidden. For adults aged 21 and older, the legal limit for recreational possession is up to 1 ounce of marijuana, with no restrictions on the quantity kept at home.

Possession of more than 4 ounces but less than 1 pound is deemed a Class 3 misdemeanor, punishable by a $500 fine. You can explore our detailed guide on weed measurements to gain a better understanding of different quantities of marijuana. Subsequent offenses can result in a $1,000 fine and up to 6 months in jail.

Individuals with a medical marijuana card or a valid written certificate from a doctor, physician assistant, or nurse practitioner can purchase marijuana in Virginia at a licensed dispensary. Medical marijuana patients are allowed to possess up to 4 ounces of botanical cannabis every 30 days.

Can You Grow Weed in Virginia?

As purchasing and selling are limited in Virginia, more and more people are turning to grow their marijuana at home. Individuals aged 21 or older can grow up to 4 marijuana plants for personal use.

Ensure no cannabis plants are visible in public places and keep them away from anyone under 21 years old.

Your cannabis plants must be labeled with a name, state ID number, and a statement indicating they are for personal use. Manufacturing cannabis concentrates from home-grown cannabis is prohibited.

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It is not advised to grow cannabis in windows or front yard flower beds. For safety and privacy, it's best to keep your cannabis plants in a secure, locked space. Consider an indoor marijuana grow system for micro planting, complete with an enclosure lock. Such setups cater to both beginners and experienced growers.

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Can You Buy Marijuana in Virginia without a Medical Card?

As mentioned earlier, individuals in Virginia, aged 21 and older, can legally purchase up to 1 ounce of marijuana for recreational use, even without a medical card. However, for medical patients with a valid license, the allowance extends to possessing up to 4 ounces of botanical cannabis every 30 days.

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1. Selling Marijuana in Virginia

As of January 1, 2024, retail sales of marijuana for recreational use are legal in Virginia under Ebbin's legislation from the last legislative session.

Sales will be conducted through existing medical cannabis dispensaries and new businesses operated by individuals in "historically economically disadvantaged communities."

Additionally, receiving marijuana as a gift without any financial transactions is legal, and certain gift shops may provide small items for purchase with marijuana offered as a thank-you gift.

2. THC Product

Various THC products, including delta-8, delta-9, and delta-10, are permitted for purchase. These products are available at local cannabis stores and online. However, a government law stipulates that the total THC content must not exceed 0.3%, and the total amount shouldn't surpass 2 mg, unless the product maintains a CBD to THC ratio greater than 25:1.

3. CBD Product

CBD products are federally legal in Virginia under the 2018 Farm Bill. You can buy them without a prescription from local hemp stores, pharmacies, wellness centers, vape stores, or online vendors.

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Traveling and Driving with Marijuana in Virginia

In Virginia, you can travel with marijuana as long as it is kept out of the driver's reach or sealed in an airtight container. Don't comply, and you might find yourself facing a misdemeanor charge, slapped with a fine of up to $250.

Operating a commercial motor vehicle with marijuana inside incurs a $25 fine. Taking marijuana out of state can lead to drug trafficking charges. If caught crossing state lines with less than 50 kilograms of marijuana or fewer than 50 marijuana plants, the penalty under federal law is up to five years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

And remember, state law firmly says no to driving under the influence of marijuana, even if you have a medical marijuana card – that won't save you from DUI troubles. Stay informed, stay safe.

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