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Laws in Ohio: Is It Legal to Grow Cannabis in Ohio?

Ohio has joined the ranks of 23 other states by enacting a recreational marijuana law. On November 7, 2023, Ohioans voted in favor of an initiative that legalizes and regulates the cultivation, sale, purchase, possession, use, and home growth of recreational marijuana.

From backyard grows to community camaraderie, Ohio's cannabis family is thriving. In this guide, let's dive into the latest marijuana legalization status in Ohio and explore what's happening now.

Is Marijuana Legal in Ohio?

1. Is Recreational Marijuana Legal?

is recreational marijuana legal in ohio

The approval of Issue 2 on Election Day marked a significant step in legalizing recreational marijuana across Ohio, including the right to cultivate it at home. Effective from December 7, 2023, the new law permits adults over 21 to purchase and consume up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana, and up to 15 grams of marijuana concentrates without needing a medical card. Cannabis home growing is allowed as well.

In addition, the legislation places emphasis on responsible use, discouraging consumption in public spaces or while operating vehicles.

When buying recreational marijuana in Ohio, residents are subject to a 10 percent excise tax, in addition to state and local sales taxes. As outlined in the ballot text, a portion of the revenue generated from these taxes is earmarked to bolster social equity initiatives and job programs.

Yet recreational marijuana sales in dispensaries are not expected to commence by the end of 2024. In such circumstances, we recommend grow marijuana right at home to meet personal and family needs, ensuring self-sufficiency in times of potential regulatory uncertainties. Given the nascent stage of recreational marijuana legalization in Ohio, remember to stay updated on changing laws.

2. Is Medical Marijuana Legal?

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Ohio embraced the legalization of medical marijuana on June 8, 2016. The state's medical marijuana program remains unaffected and unchanged by the new law. Individuals aged 18 or older can apply for medical licenses, and those under 18 can do so with a caregiver who is at least 21 years old.

Medical marijuana is approved for specific qualifying conditions, offering relief to patients facing various health challenges. For more info about it, be sure to scroll down the page to check our subsequent sections below!

Can You Grow Weed in Ohio?

Effective Dec. 7, 2023, Ohio residents can legally grow their own cannabis. Ohio now stands among the states permitting home-grown cannabis for both medical and recreational purposes.

The state permits cultivation of up to 6 plants per adult, with a maximum of 12 per household. Home cultivation must occur within a secure, enclosed area on your primary residence's grounds, inaccessible to those under 21 and not visible from public spaces.

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While landlords have the right to forbid cannabis cultivation on leased property if specified in the lease. In these cases, opting for a discreet stealth grow box or a small grow tent that seamlessly integrates into your apartment can help you sidestep unnecessary disputes.

Rest assured, Ohio's laws now offer a clear and responsible framework for legal home cultivation.

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Medical Marijuanas in Ohio

In the midst of Ohio's great move to legalizing recreational marijuana, the significance of medical marijuana persists. For those prioritizing therapeutic benefits of cannabis, it's advisable to choose a guided and medically supported approach. This ensures the appropriate dosage and consumption of the right cannabis product for desired benefits.

Securing a medical marijuana card opens the door. Medical marijuanas are recognized in Ohio as an effective, low-risk option for treating symptoms related to 25 different conditions. An Ohio Marijuana Card provides access to every cannabis dispensary in the state and allows purchasing in other states due to reciprocity with many other states.

Are There Penalties for Growing Weed Illegally in Ohio?

Still, from December 7, Ohio residents can legally grow weed at home, if adhering to specified plant limits. However, it's crucial to be aware of other penalties in Ohio:

  • Using cannabis in public areas or as a vehicle passenger is a minor misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of up to $150.
  • Operating a vehicle, bike, boat, or aircraft under the influence of cannabis is prohibited.
  • Transporting marijuana products across federal lines is illegal as it's not legalized by the federal laws.

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