What Are Hydroponic Systems and How Do They Work?

Hydroponics is the art of gardening without soil. Hydroponics is a Latin word that means "working water." In the absence of soil, water begins to provide nutrients, hydration, and oxygen to plants. From watermelons to jalapeños to orchids, plants thrive with careful hydroponics. Using minimal space and using 90% less water than traditional farming, through clever design, hydroponic gardens grow beautiful fruits and flowers in half the time.

As cutting-edge as the technology may sound, hydroponics dates back to the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Euphrates is diverted into a channel and pours down the lavish garden walls. In the 13th century, Marco Polo wrote that he had witnessed water gardens in China. However, hydroponics is much more than just an ancient innovation. In the 1990s, NASA planted aeroponic bean sprouts under zero-gravity conditions on the space station, opening up the possibility of sustainable agriculture in space. Hydroponics remains a timeless and vibrant method of water conservation and crop production.

1. What is a hydroponic system?

Hydroponics is growing plants without soil. Hydroponic flowers, herbs and vegetables are grown in an inert growing medium and supplied with a nutrient-rich solution, oxygen and water. This system promotes fast growth, high yield and quality. When a plant grows in soil, its roots are constantly looking for the necessary nutrients to support it. If a plant's roots have direct access to water and nutrients, the plant doesn't need to expend any energy to sustain itself. The energy that roots use to obtain food and water can be redistributed to the plant's maturation process. As a result, foliage grows vigorously and fruits and flowers bloom. What's more, home hydroponic farming is a great way for people want to grow plants at home.

Plants sustain themselves through a process called photosynthesis. Plants capture sunlight with chlorophyll, a green pigment present in leaves. They use light energy to break down water molecules absorbed through the root system. Hydrogen molecules combine with carbon dioxide to produce carbohydrates, which plants use to nourish themselves. Oxygen is then released into the atmosphere, a key factor in keeping our planet habitable. Plants do not need soil for photosynthesis. They need soil to provide them with moisture and nutrients. When nutrients are water soluble, they can be applied directly to the roots of plants by flooding, spraying or soaking. Hydroponic innovations have proven that direct contact with nutrient-rich water is a more efficient and versatile method of growing than traditional irrigation.

2. How does the fully automated hydroponic system work?

Works pH balance by allowing minute control over environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity, maximizing access to nutrients and moisture.

The fully automated hydroponic system follows a very simple principle: give plants what they need, when they need it. Hydroponic Management Nutrient Solutions are tailored to the needs of specific plants. They allow you to precisely control how much light your plants receive and for how long. pH can be monitored and adjusted. Plant growth is accelerated in a highly customized and controlled environment.

By controlling the environment of the factory, many risk factors are reduced. Plants grown in gardens and fields face many factors that are detrimental to their health and growth. Fungi in the soil can spread diseases to plants. Wild animals like rabbits will plunder ripening vegetables from your garden. Pests like locusts can surprise crops and wipe them out in an afternoon. The hydroponic system puts an end to the unpredictability of growing plants outdoors and in the ground. Without the mechanical resistance of the soil, the seedlings can mature faster. By eliminating pesticides, hydroponics produces healthier and higher quality fruits and vegetables. Without obstacles, plants are free to thrive.